The Beginning of Something Greater

Final Assessment Post

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Through “Living and Working on the Web”, I have benefited from conducting self-learning, research, content curation, sharing of information and discussion.

#MANG2049 has widened my perspective and knowledge on various aspects and every topic serves as a new discovery that is beneficial to help me with creating value for my network, building an online presence and professional identity. I would like to bring you through my process of development, thoughts and changes over the 12 days of “Living and Working on the Web”.

This module has been an eye opening journey as I was exposed to the digital world where I am taught to access, manage and evaluate online information.

Prior to this module, I often choose to read articles with catchy headlines that people share on Facebook and Twitter. Most of the time, I believe what I see or read is true and I fail to cross check them with other sources.

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Over the span of this module, I realized I have cross and fact checked with other sources and critically evaluate before sharing or liking any content. Although sometimes I will be tricked into viewing the “Clickbait” title, I tend to be more cautious and skeptical before believing the information provided. Here is an example of a false news I chance upon on Twitter.

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Due to the tight dateline, I was pushed to my limits to submit my blog post on a daily basis, I had made huge improvements in terms of my digital literacy skills. This also made me to become motivated, disciplined and efficient to produce work in a timely manner. Take a look at the infographic below for comparisons of my progress and development.

Self-Assessment

Previously, I did not fully maximize the effective use of social media. Despite being ranked as slightly skewed towards being a digital resident at the beginning, I realized that I had overlooked the aspect of leveraging on the online sources, tools and social platforms to create online identities, gaining recognition and creating opportunities.

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Hence, I have developed my professional identity.

I was inactive on LinkedIn ever since I graduated from diploma. Managing a LinkedIn account increases the chances of an individual being noticed by potential employers and appearing on google searches to increase my credibility. Hence, I have replaced a more presentable and professional photo of myself. I also noticed that the information on my LinkedIn account are outdated. Thus, I have updated my information, skillset and expertise.

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Before this module, there is little knowledge about what content should be posted and shared on my social media platforms. Having learnt that inappropriate content and behavior can result in negative impacts online, I became more aware of the content that I share, write and post on the web. Thus, I have revised, privated and deleted some of the negative comments posted on Facebook when I was young.

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Previously, I have never taken into account the type of consequences that could result in a person’s information being hacked and manipulated by someone else. Therefore, I have taken the steps to change my privacy settings on Facebook to only allow certain people to view my account.

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After embarking on Topic 3, I realized I should differentiate the purpose of each account which are suited for different audiences, needs and purposes. Adopting multiple online identities may require more time to manage. Hence, I have signed up for “Buffer Publish” to manage my social media platforms.

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However, separation between personal and professional identity is essential to create a better image in the eyes of the employers. Thus, I have set up a separate Twitter account for professional usage. I realized how unprofessional my profile picture was and I do not want to confuse people by having too many different identities. Thus, I made changes to my Twitter, WordPress and LinkedIn account by having uploaded the same profile photo as well as my header image throughout the respective platforms.

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Prior to this module, I only followed accounts that I’m interested in and my friends. After creating a professional Twitter and LinkedIn account, I followed influential accounts who shares insightful content and connected with potential employers.

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In particular, I rarely contribute to online communities or participate in discussions.

Through this module, it gives me an opportunity to comment on my peer’s blog posts which exposed me to different point of views. MOOC allows me to participate in online communities which enable me to absorb valuable information and engage with professors who are more experienced. Further discussions enabled me to further my current thoughts and explore beyond the surface of information.

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In addition, I also contributed to like, retweet and share content on my twitter account.

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Hence, participating actively in online communities has reduced the chances of me being a victim of “Echo Chamber”. Having learnt that “Filter bubble” will restrict us from looking at different perspectives, I have taken the steps to free myself from it.

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Below is a video to summarise of what I enjoy most about #MANG2049.

Through “Living and Working on the Web”, I have grown to become more disciplined and to take more responsibility of my own learning. Although this module is coming to an end, I will continue to develop my online profiles and bring the attitude of self-learning forward!

Feel free to visit my social media sites:

Twitter

LinkedIn

Facebook

(Word Count: 889)

Commented on MOOC:

Topic 2.2: Media Literacy

Topic 2: Discussion – World Ends in 7 Seven Years

 

 

 

*All Visuals and Video are done by me using Piktochart, VISME and Powtoon*

 

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Topic 3: Single or Multiple. Which is better?

To summarise what I have gained from FurtureLearn, here is an infographic illustrated by me using Canva and Piktochart.

Open House

Source: Created by me using Canva

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Source: Created by me using Piktochart

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Source: Created by me using Piktochart

I tried to improve my digital literacy by using Powtoon and Canva to create visuals. Although I find myself more comfortable with using Piktochart, I feel it is important to gain more exposure to different tools that help enhance my skills.

Watch this video to find out what are some of my key takeaways from reading and commenting on my classmates post.

After reading my classmate’s blog posts, I noticed that most of them discussed about the theories while providing some real life examples and statistics. However, we can also think of some preventive measures to protect ourselves against the negative consequences.

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Source: Created by me using Piktochart

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Source: Created by me using Piktochart

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Source: Created by me using Piktochart

To find out whether I am a person with a Single Identity or Multiple Online Identities, I have illustrated an infographic below.

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Source: Created by me using Piktochart

As you can see, I am a person with a mixture of single and multiple identities. It depends on the purpose, need and audience in which I decide to have one or multiple identities. Take for example, I have two carousel accounts, one selling second hand items and the other one selling pre-ordered items. Therefore, having multiple online identities allows me to manage my identity to suit a different context. However, I only have a LinkedIn account as I believe that having multiple professional accounts will make people doubt about my reliability and authenticity.

To conclude Topic 3, I believe there is no right or wrong answer of which is better. At the end of the day, every individual has their own preferences and they get to choose to react and behave in certain ways which will either help to add value to their network or the other way round.

Word Count: 293

Commented on:

Evelyn Lo

Xin Yi Loo

References:

(n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2017, from http://guides.wsj.com/personal-finance/credit/how-to-protect-yourself-from-identity-theft/

Lee, K. (2017, October 04). Manage Multiple Social Profiles: 6 Simple, Powerful Tools. Retrieved November 22, 2017, from https://blog.bufferapp.com/how-to-manage-multiple-social-media-accounts

Tips to Stop Cyberbullying. (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2017, from http://www.safeteens.com/tips-to-stop-cyberbullying/

Topic 3: Online Identities VS Multiple Identities

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We are living in a world where online networks have become increasingly popular to the extend that we devote a part of our daily life on the Web. People are increasingly concerned with building their online identity as a means to construct a presentation of themselves. Different people use and adopt the web based on individual needs and purposes.

Online identity can be divided into two categories; Authenticity or Anonymity

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Quite often, we tend to make our private information accessible, especially on social networks. Our personal data such as date of birth, phone numbers, and emails are easily accessible on Facebook which may result in privacy invasion.

On the other hand, I have read about people who lost their jobs due to social network posts.

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Therefore, there comes the advantages and disadvantages of building an Online Identity.

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In addition, the different social accounts reflect different parts of individual persona. “Different sites, different audiences, different purposes.”

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The above screenshots shows people who have more than one social network account.

The results are not surprising as I have two Twitter accounts for different purposes.  Different social accounts reflect different parts of my persona. My personal Twitter account is where I can tweet and talk about random stuff. In contrast, my professional Twitter account is where I tweet about work. This separations help to make my personal online footprint invisible to those whom I work with.

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Hence, having multiple online identities does have its advantages and disadvantages.

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In conclusion, I believe is it important to be mindful of our online presence and having multiple online identities that we created by ensuring that it is best suited for different needs to avoid from the negative consequences which may affect our reputation in the eyes of the employers.

Word Count: 293

References:

Krotoski, A. (2012, April 19). Online identity: is authenticity or anonymity more important? Retrieved November 20, 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2012/apr/19/online-identity-authenticity-anonymity

Mindef hit by targeted cyber attack. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from http://www.todayonline.com/singapore/mindef-internet-system-hacked-personal-data-850-personnel-stolen

Top 20 Facebook Statistics – Updated November 2017. (2017, November 03). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from https://zephoria.com/top-15-valuable-facebook-statistics/

Property portal 99.co employee fired for insulting Singapore on Facebook over Pokemon Go game. (2016, July 11). Retrieved November 20, 2017, from http://www.asiaone.com/singapore/property-portal-99co-employee-fired-insulting-singapore-facebook-over-pokemon-go-game

Topic 2: Reflection

Reading my classmate’s posts gave me different perspectives on the specific type of literacy that led to certain consequences and how we can evaluate the authenticity of online information effectively.

After reading their blog posts, I learnt that I need to improve on my critical and analytical thinking skills, provide more facts and visuals to enhance the information I want to relay on my post.

In addition, I have gained a lot by commenting on someone else’s post as it requires me to put myself into their shoes and understand their point of view. Increasing my network and exposing myself to different sources and opinions has allow me to avoid being a victim of “Echo Chamber” which brings me back to this topic.

In Sarah’s post, she mentioned that attractive headlines can act as “Clickbait” that are used to trick us into viewing it and for advertising purposes. This can be very misleading. This is true in my case as I often fall for such headlines. Hence, it serves as a reminder for me to evaluate news and be critical and careful with information before spreading them on the Web.

Evaluating-a-News-Article-Infographic

(Kirschenbaum, 2016)

Source extracted from Sarah’s blog which I find it useful.

Something I found interesting in Evelyn’s post was the examples of how fake news articles can ruin someone’s career. I have never thought that the fake news can have such a great impact in someone’s life.

Therefore, I believe that everyone should pay attention to critical aspects of information on the web and take the necessary steps to overcome being a victim of Echo Chamber, Filter Bubble and Fake news (Clickbait).

Adding on to my understanding of this topic, I have created various infographics that show case various facts, consequences and examples which I picked up along the way.

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Source: Original from Piktochart

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Word Count: 300

Commented on:

Evelyn Lo

Sarah Tan

Topic 2: Reliability and Authenticity of Online Information

When interacting with online media, we should take into consideration the authenticity and reliability of the news, information and data that we find. After reading on how “Fake News” can result in damages, I recalled an example of a piece of fake news which has misled me.

161204 Fake Story Evolves Graphic - Billy rev2

On Nov 2016, an article from Singapore reported that the Punggol Waterway Terraces Roof collapsed. However, it was quickly identified as a “Hoax”. At that point in time, my Facebook newsfeed was constantly flooded with this news and upon seeing this kind of unanimity in my social circle, I was led to believe the news was true. Misleading and false online resources can result in separating fact from fiction. As such, I believe that expanding my network and increasing my connections with more people will provide me with more sources to critically evaluate and access the reliability of information.

Infographics illustrated on the various methods of how individual can evaluate reliability of online news and its sources critically.

Falsenews

 

On the other hand, data or data visualizations from the best of sources can be misleading. One example can be seen when the White House Tweeted “Good news: America’s high school graduation rate has increased to an all-time high.” The tweet included this chart:

 

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Based on the chart, I faced difficulties analyzing what the books represented and the percentages associated to it. Hence, this is an example of an inaccurate data visualization. The result of this may be intentionally or accidentally, so when using online data to support our statement in the report, we should look out for the following.

DataAccurarcy

 

In conclusion, the Web provides us with abundant possibilities to connect to information and people, and it is vital that we evaluate the reliability of them effectively.

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References:

Report of Punggol Waterway Terraces roof collapse a hoax: HDB. (2017, March 10). Retrieved November 15, 2017, from http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/report-of-punggol-waterway-terraces-roof-collapse-a-hoax-hdb-7714182

Collins, K. (2015, December 23). The most misleading charts of 2015, fixed. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from https://qz.com/580859/the-most-misleading-charts-of-2015-fixed/

Seidman, G. (2014, July 23). Can You Really Trust the People You Meet Online? Retrieved November 15, 2017, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/close-encounters/201407/can-you-really-trust-the-people-you-meet-online

F. (n.d.). Media Literacy – Learning in the Network Age – University of Southampton. Retrieved November 15, 2017, from https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/learning-network-age/3/steps/263021

My End of Thoughts on Digital Differences

The first topic has been rather thought provoking for me.

Before reading up on this topic, I did not have any idea what is Digital Differences and the impact it has upon an individual interacting on the Web. This topic made me realize that not only will Digital Differences impact me but also how various people interact on the Web.

After reading my classmate’s blog posts, it broaden my perspective of the various impacts it has on an individual. As a result, I realized that there are many ways in which people interact on the Web which can be due to the individual’s Digital Inequalities or Online Practices.

Digital Differences

In my post, I noticed that I have overlooked on the aspects of how Ethnicity has impacted the way I interact on the Web. Therefore, to answer my peer’s questions, I have illustrated an info-graphic to further emphasize my explanation.

Online Practices

In Gladys’s post, she demonstrated a contrast between how she and her parents value the Web. This made me reflect on how I value the Web which I have further elaborated in my comment about how the differences in the level of trust may lead to different outcomes.

After taking a look at Sarah’s post, she had provided two different point of views, digital inequalities and the individual’s value and motivation. This has reminded me of the censorship of North Korea where access to the internet is highly restricted which leads to Digital Inequality.

I believe that the Digital Differences does have a positive and negative impact on the individual’s learning experience.

After reading all the online resources and the examples provided by my peers, I’ve gained valuable insights about this topic and I look forward to discovering more from the following topics!

Word Count: 291

Commented on:

Gladys Lee

Sarah Tan

Xin Yi Loo

References:
Chen, A. (2016, September 08). Marginalized ethnic groups have poorer internet access even in the same country. Retrieved November 14, 2017, from https://www.theverge.com/2016/9/8/12854476/internet-access-marginalized-ethnic-groups-digital-divide

The influence of technology on culture. (n.d.). Retrieved November 14, 2017, from http://www.balanceinteractive.com/blog/influence-technology-culture

 

 

Topic 1

Topic 1: Impact of Digital Differences and How Do I Interact with the Web

Everyone have different ways of choosing how they interact on the Web. Most of us have internet access at home and are able to use the web often due to us having higher education and better income where we can afford smart phone devices and computers.

Furthermore, across the globe there has been a surge in the usage of digital technology to interact with others on the web as shown in the figure below.

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This survey was conducted by Pew Research Center. They found out that majority of the Americans believe their use of web helps them gain new knowledge and increase their capacity to share their ideas and creations with others.

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Photo Credit: http://www.google.com

Hence, the values people get out of using the internet is shaped by their individual lives as they reflect aspects of social class, gender, age, location and so on.

I believe that the factors which impact my “Digital Differences” on how I interact in the Web are based the aspects of Digital Literacy, Ethnicity and Educational Level.

In this era, we can easily connect to the internet as Wi-fi can be found everywhere we go. For example, I am able to take advantage of the free public Wi-fi available at shopping centers or at fast food restaurants and this makes it easier for me to access my study materials. Ever since we were young, we are exposed to online learning and during my polytechnic years, I was taught to use the internet to conduct readings, researches and discussions extensively. All these years of using the internet has enabled me to become more reliant on it for educational, learning and recreational purposes.

Therefore, I believe that there is no right way to use the internet for learning purposes, we each have our own ways.

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References:

Purcell, K., & Rainie, L. (2014, December 08). Americans Feel Better Informed Thanks to the Internet. Retrieved November 10, 2017, from http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/12/08/better-informed/

Digital Differences. (2012, April 13). Retrieved November 10, 2017, from http://www.pewinternet.org/files/old-media/Files/Reports/2012/PIP_Digital_differences_041312.pdf

Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project Follow. (2012, October 21). Internet use vs home broadband. Retrieved November 10, 2017, from https://www.slideshare.net/PewInternet/digital-differences-14826613/12-Internet_use_vs_home_broadband